Why Lord Shiva’s independent worship and advaitavada promoted


Please note that the contents of the article is not a personal opinion but the references from sastra. The intention is not to defame other panths dedicated to Shiva and Devi as one can attain impersonal liberation also following these processes in a perfect way . Lord Shiva and Devi in her various forms are most respected by vaishnavas .In fact they are our Guru and Mother. In many satvik puranas the most confidential knowledge about the absolute truth is revealed by Lord Shiva Himself.



A warning to Vaishnavas:

It is the misconception among many vaishnavas who are institution minded that worship of Lord Shiva or Devi Durga is condemned and offensive and not as per vaisnava acharya’s teachings . What is actually condemned is the ” independent” worship of Lord Shiva and Devi and asking only for material pleasures. If one worships them with devotion and respect as an incarnation of Lord along with Lord Himself then there is no harm . Lord Shiva and Devi are famous for granting the required strength and clear all hurdles in the spiritual path of devotees. They will grant whatever is needed by devotees to attain Krishna . It should be noted that it is Sriman Chaitanya Mahaprabhu who started the Saradiya Durga Pooja mahotsava in Orissa 500 years ago . It is acknowledged by Orissa government as well. 

It is unfortunate that many brainwashed institution minded vaishnavas condemn the worship of Lord Shiva and Devi based on some scriptural statements which is very offensive and incomplete understanding . Ekanti bhakti to Radha Krishna is the highest of all spiritual aspirations and by mercy of Shiva and Devi one can attain that. If one condemn their worship or look down upon their devotees then this is not a vaishnava quality and such person will certainly fall pray to maya in form on women , name fame money or urge to make huge followers thus deviating from the original goal .





Disclosure by Lord Shiva to Maa Parvati

From the above one may be confused why then different scriptures contradict and many people throughout the world are bewildered about the absolute truth. We have to understand that it is the will of Lord Vishnu as presented below

Adapted from Shri Padma Purana,
Uttara Khanda Chapters 235-236.

Parvati Said , “O Lord Shiva, You once told me that one should avoid speaking with Pasandi atheistic demon,and that doing so  is worse then talking to candalas outcastes. Please tell me of what are the symptoms of such persons and what signs do they  wear on their bodies?”

Shiva replied, ” Those Persons who,deluded by ignorance,describe any other deity being superior to Vishnu,The Lord of the  world, are said to be Pasandis. Those who,although they do not belong to the Vanaprastha asrama, use skulls, decorate their  bodies with ashes and bones, have non-Vedic marks, matted hair, and wear garments of tree bark, are said to be pasandis.  Those brahmanas who are devoid of the marks and symbols dear to Vishnu, such as conches, discs,and vertical-lined tilaka  worn on the forehead, are said to be pasandis. That brahman who does not follow the practices given in the sastra should be  known as a pasandi and should be condemned by all people. Those who have no devotion for the Lord are said to be pasandi.

One who behaves as he likes and offers oblations in to the fire for the worship of deities other than Lord Vishnu should be  known as a pasandi, for Lord Vishnu is the enjoyer of fruit of all sacrifices and is the deity of brahmanas. He who  considers Lord Vishnu as equal to other deities such as Brahma and myself, Rudra,should always be called a pasandi. That brahmana, who with his speech, body,and deeds dose not recognize Vishnu,is a pasandi. What is the use of saying much in  this regard? Those brahmanas who are not devotees of Vishnu should never be asked any questions, should never be talked  to,and should never be seen,”

Parvati said,”O lord,O best of gods,I want to ask you something secret. Through love for me,please answer. I have a great  doubt.The sastras condemn using skulls, decorating the body with ashes, and wearing skins of animals. Yet,you do all these  things. Why are these thing condemned? O Lord of the gods, O highly intelligent one, due to women’s natural fickleness I am  asking you these questions. It may be that due to your great power you do not have to follow the sastric injunctions you  just described, but previously you had not instructed me in this way. Therefore,O lord, please pardon my question.”

Inquired thus by Parvati in that lonely place free from people,Lord Shiva explained to her the great secrets of his own behavior.

Shiva said, “O Goddess, please listen carefully. I shall tell you a very wonderful secret. You should not repeat what I am about to tell you to common people. I shall tell you the since your body is not separate form mine. Long ago, in  the age of Swayambhuva Manu, there were many great demons like Namuchi [The demon Namuchi is described in Shrimad  Bhagavatam 8.11.23-40.] who were very powerful and valorous heroes. All of them were devoted to Vishnu, acted purely, and  were free from all sins. They followed the pratices laid down in the Vedas. Seeing this, all of gods head by Indra were greatly frustrated. Overcome by fear,they approached Lord Vishnu and took shelter of Him.

The devas said ,’O Kesava, only You can conquer these great demons who cannot be conqured by all of the      gods and who have  washed off their sins with penance.'”

Lord Shiva continued, “Hearing the frightful words of the demigods, Lord Vishnu, Purushottma consoled the devas,and said to  me,’O Rudra,O you of might arms, O you who are the best of the gods, for the purpose of deluding the enemies of the  demigods prepere a course of conduct to be followed by pasandis. Narrate to them the dark puranas, which will take them  astray. O intelligent one, you should create holy texts that will cause the demons to become confused.
“‘Through devotion to Me,and for the good of the world, You should approach atheistic sages such as Kanada, Gautama,Sakti, Upamanyu, Jaimini, Kapila,[not to be confused with Kapila,the son of Devahuti], Durvasa, Mrikandu, Brihaspati, Bhargava, and Jamadagni. Exert upon them your power of suggestion. Being infused by your power they will become powerful pasandis.

There is no doubt about it. Empowered by you, these brahmanas will narrate to the three worlds the Puranas and doctrines in  the mode of ingnorance. O Shiva, on your person you should bear symbols like a skull, animal skins, ashes, and bones.

Dressed in way you should fully delude everyone in the three Worlds. You should also inaugurate the pasupata order [The  pasupates are a group of followers of Lord Shiva] with its divisions like kankala, saiva, pasanda and mahasaiva. Through these persons you should preach a doctrine whose followers wear no particular identifying marks and are outside the Vedic  fold. Wearing ashes and bones, they will be bereft of higher consciousness and will consider you to be the greatest god.
“‘Taking to these doctrines, all of these demons will become averse to Me in a moment.There is no doubt it. O powerful  Rudra,in every age in My different incarnations I too shall worship you to delude the demons. Following these  doctrines,they will undoubtedly fall down.'”

Lord Shiva then told Parvati, “O beautiful one, after hearing Lord Vishnu’s words, although I am a good speaker I become  helpless snd silent.Then offering my obeisances to Lord Vishnu, I said, O Lord,if I do what You have said,it will certainly  lead to my destruction. It is is not possoble for me to carry out this instruction, yet Your order is not to be disobeyed.  This is very Painful.”

“O goddess,hearing my words, Vishnu spoke in such way to restore my happiness. He said,’This will not be the cause of your  destruction. Do as I order you for the good of the demigods. I shall also give you the means to maintain yourself while you  are preaching these demoniac philosophies.

Then with compassion, Lord Vishnu gave me the prayers known as Vishnu-sahasra- nama. Vishnu said,’Installing Me in your heart, utter My indestructible mantra. This very powerful six-syllable mantra is  transcendental and awards liberation to thise who worship Me with devotion. There is no doubt about this.’

indivar-dala-syamam padma-patra-vilocanam
sankhanga-sarngesu-dharam sarvabharana-bhusitam

pita-vastram catur-bahum janaki-priya-vallabham
shri-ramaya nama ity evam uccaryam mantram-uttamam

sarva-duhkha haram caitat papinam api mukti-dam
imam mantram japan nityam amalas tvam bhavisyasi

I offer my obeisances to Him, dark like the petal of a blue lotus, with lotus-petal eyes, holding a conch, a disc, and sarnga bow, adorned with all ornaments, wearing yellow ornements, having four arms, and who is the dear lord of Janaki,  Sita-devi.The divine mantra, ‘shri-ramaya namah,’ should be chanted. It remones all lamentation and gives salvation to even  sinners. One who regularly chants this mantra will be free from all contamination.[6.235.44-46]

“‘All of the sinful rections due to wearing ashes and bones will all be destroyed and everthing will beacome auspicious due  to reciting My mantra. O best of the gods, being pleased I shall destroy all sin. By My blessings, devotion to no other god  than Me will arise. In your heart, worship Me who is the Supreme Being. Obey My order. Due to love for Me, everything will  be auspicious for you. ‘Having thus ordered Me, O goddess, He dismissed the hosts of gods who then returned to their own  abodes. The gods led by Indra then requested me, ‘O Mahadev, Shiva, Quickly perform those beneficial acts as instructed by  Lord Vishnu.'”

Mahadeva then said to goddess Parvati, “O auspicious one, for the good of the gods I took to the way of the pasandis and  started wearing skulls, hides, ashes, and bones. O auspicious one, as instructed by Lord Vishnu, I distributed the tamasic  puranas and the pasandi Shiva doctrines. O sinless one, by entering Gautama and other brahmanas with my potency I  proclaimed texts outside the Vedic fold. Adopting the system I gave, all of the wicked demons became averse to Lord Vishnu,  and were enveloped in ignorance. Applying ashes to their bodies and performing severe penance, they stopped worship of Lord  Vishnu and worshiped only me with flesh, blood and sandalwood.

“Receiving boons from me, they became intoxicated with power and pride. They were very much attached to the object of the  senses, and were full of lust and anger. In that condition, devoid of goodness, they were defeated by the devas. Bereft of  righteous paths, those who resort to this doctrine of mine alway go to hell.
“O goddess, thus this behavior of mine is only followed by me for the good of the gods. Following Lord Vishnu’s order, I  decorate myself with ashes and bones. O goddess, these external marks are meant only for deluding the demons. In my heart I  always meditate upon the Supreme Lord Vishnu and always chant His mantras. By chanting this great six-syllable mantra I  taste the eternal nectar of ecstatic joy. O Lady with an auspicious face, I have answered all that you have asked me.  Affectionately I ask you, what else do you desire to hear?”

Parvati said, “O sinless one, tell me about the tamasic scriptures that were composed by the brahmanas bereft of devotion  to the Lord. O Lord of the demigods Please tell me their names in sequence.

Lord Shiva replied, “O goddess, please listen. In sequence I shall tell you about the tamasic texts. Simply by remembering  them even wise persons become deluded. First,I Myself proclaimed the Shiva, pasupata, and related texts. After my power had  entered him, Kanada preached the Vaisesika Philosophy. Similarly, Gautama preached Nyaya,and Kapila preached the atheistic  Sankhya. Brihaspati preached the much-censured Charvaka doctrine, and Buddha proclaimed Buddhism to destroy the demons.

Advaita-vada(mayavada)  refuted
Padma Purana 6.236.7

Lord Shiva Says:

mayavadam asac chastram pracchannam bauddham uchyate
mayaiva kalpitam devi kalau brahmana rupina

“Mayavada or Advaita philosophy is an impious, wicked belief . It is only covered Buddhism. My dear Parvati, in Kali-Yoga I assume the form of a brahmana (Adi Shankara) and teach this imagined  philosophy.

Padma Purana 6.236.8-9

apartham sruti-vakyanam darsayan loka-garhitam
sva-karma-rupam tyajya tvam atraiva pratipadyate

sarva-karma paribhrastair vaidharma tvam tad ucyate
paresa-jiva-paraikyam maya tu pratipadyate

“This mayavada advaita philosophy preached by me (in form of Adi Shankara) deprives the words of the holy texts of their actual meaning and thus it is condemned in the world. It recommends the renunciation of one’s own duties, since those who  have fallen from their duties say that the giving up of duties is religiosity. In this way, I have also falsely propounded  the identity of the Supreme Lord and the individual soul.”

Padma Purana 6.236.10

brahmanas caparam rupam nirgunam vaksyate maya
sarva-svam jagato py asya mohanartham kalu yuge

“In order to bewilder the atheists, in Kali-yuga, I describe the Supreme Personality of Godhead Lord Gauranga Krishna to be  without any form and without qualities.”

Padma Purana 6.236.11

vedante tu maha-sastrera mayavadam avaidikam
mayaiva vaksyate devi jagatam nasha-karanat

“Similarly, in explaning Vedanta mahashastra, I described the same non-scriptural and inauspicious mayavada philosophy in  order to mislead the entire population toward atheism by denying the personal form of my beloved Lord.”

[As described in the seventh chapter of adi-lila of Shri Chaitanya Charitamrita, while speaking to Prakashananda Saraswati  and the mayavadi sannyasis of Benares, Lord Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu cited these texts to show how Lord Shiva had come in  Kali-yuga as Shripad Sankaracharya to propound the philosophy of monism and bewilder the souls. Cited translation of texts  7,10 and 11 are based on the translation of His Divine Grace Shrila A.C Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada as found in his  purport to Cc. Adi 7.110.]


Catagorization of Puranas.

We find the names of the 18 puranas and their classification into Satvika, Rajasa and Tamasa in Padmapurana Uttarakhanda 235 Adhyaya.

 Satvika Puranas:

वैष्णवं नारदीयं च तथा भागवतं शुभम् ।

गारुडं च तथा पाद्मं वाराहं शुभदर्शने ।

सात्विकानि पुराणानि विज्ञेयानि शुभानि वै ।।

Vishnu Purana,Naradiya Puran,Padma Purana,Garuda Purana,Varaha Purana,Srimad Bhagavata Maha Purana

 Rajasa Puranas:

ब्रह्माण्डं ब्रह्मवैवर्तं मार्कण्डेयं तथैव च ।

भविष्यं वामनं ब्राह्मं राजसानि निबोधत ।।

Brahmanda Purana,Brahmavaivarta,Markandeya Purana,Bhavishya Purana,Vamana Purana,Brahma Purana

 Tamasa Puranas :

मात्सयं कौर्मं तथा लैङ्गम् शैवं स्कान्दं तथैव च ।

आग्नेयं च षडेतानि तामसानि निबोधत ।।

Matsya Purana,Kurma Purana,Linga Purana,Shiva Purana,Skanda Purana,Agni Purana

सात्विका मोक्षदाः प्रोक्ताः राजसा सर्वदा अशुभाः ।

तथैव तामसा देवि निरयप्राप्तिहेतवः ।।

प.पु. उत्तर 236.21

Among these puranas Satvika Puranas lead one to liberation, Rajasa do not cause good and tamasa puranas lead one to hell.


Some references from Sri Jiva Goswami  in Krishna Sandarbha anucheda 29 text 69 about conclusion presented in Shaivite Puranas:

Statements in the Shaivite Puranas should not be accepted unless they are corroborated by the Vaishnava Puranas. This is confirmed in the Shaivite Puranas (Skanda Purana) where Lord Shiva says to Karttikeya:

Statements in the Shaivite Puranas should be accepted only if they are confirmed in the Vaishnava Puranas.

The followers of Lord Shiva may try to present a different conclusion, but they are simply contradicting the words of their own master, recorded in their own scripture. From this statement of Lord Shiva we may understand that the Shaivite Puranas are not a very reliable source of spiritual information. They are not actually able to purify the conditioned souls, and their position is described in the following statement of Shrimad-Bhagavatam (1.8.52):

“It is not possible to filter muddy water through mud or purify a wine-stained pot with wine.”

On should not therefore rely on the impure statements of the Shaivite Puranas.



The devotional puranas should be studied under the guidance of a bonafide guru in a bonafide sampradaya else it may lead to confusion on the topic of absolute truth.


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